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Who wants to eat something that should take the electric scooter in the city. Food consists of 50 designated counties who) are in turn grouped in nine suburbs (so-called neighborhoods, often by major urban areas. Each municipality receives a Roman numeral, and has a local facility is out of nineteen members with limited authority. Most communities were originally separate communities were but little by little until the 1901 1975th This included long-lasting process of annexation has led to a strong identification of the population with "their" communities or districts, and a rare feature: The district Kettwig, south of the Ruhr, and the plant is not until 1975, has its own area code. In addition, (allegedly due to relatively high church tax incomes), the archbishop of Cologne was able to keep Kettwig directly to the archdiocese of Cologne, whereas all other parts of the city form of food and some neighboring cities of Essen, the diocese.

The city spreads over 21 km (13 miles) from north to south and 17 kilometers (11 miles) from west to east, mainly north of the Ruhr, the Baldeneysee reservoir in the districts of fish sheets, copper -, turning shapes, and Heisingen. The lake, a popular recreation area, dates from 1931-1933, when some thousands of unemployed miners dredged with primitive tools for the Reich Labor Service. In general, large areas south of the Ruhr (including the suburbs of Schuir and Kettwig) are all green and are often used as examples of rural structures in the central otherwise relatively densely populated Ruhr region.

The German speaking countries, the name of the city often leads to confusion about their origin, as it is commonly known as the German infinitive of the verb for the act of eating and/or known by the German noun for food. Although scientists still dispute the interpretation of the name, there are still a few notable interpretations. The oldest known form of the name of the city is Astnide in a food as amended by forms Astnidum, Assinde, Essendia and Esnede. The names may have adopted, to Astnide either on a region where many ash trees were found or to a region in the east of the Frankish Empire (). The Old High German word for fireplace, furnace, is also often called because of the industrial history of the city, but is very unlikely, as the old forms of the city's name comes from the period before industrialization.

The oldest archaeological evidence, the Vogelheimer blade that goes back to 280,000 - 250,000 BC It is a knife found in the city of the bird home in the northern part of the city during the construction of the Rhein-Herne Canal in 1926. Other artifacts from the Stone Age were also found, if they are not too numerous. Land use is very high - especially because of the mining industry in the industrial era - and any other significant findings, especially from the Middle Stone Age, are not expected. Finds from 3,000 BC and are widely used, the most important, a passage grave found in 1937. Simply as a stone box (Chest of Stone), it will be the oldest surviving example of "Eating is the architecture".

During the Thirty Years War, the Protestant and Catholic convent in the city of contrast. Succeeded in 1623, Princess-Abbess Maria Clara of Spaur, Pflaum and Val? initiate Catholic Spaniards against the city just a Counter-Reformation. In 1624, a "recatholicization" law was passed, and church attendance was strictly controlled. In 1628 the City Council had filed against them in the imperial courts. Mary had to flee to Cologne, when the Dutch stormed the town in the 1629th She returned in the summer of 1631 following the Bavarians under Gottfried Heinrich Graf zu Pappenheim, only to leave again in September. She died in 1644 in Cologne.

971, took Mathilde II, granddaughter of Emperor Otto I, head of the abbey. She had become the most important of all the Abbesses in the history of life. They ruled for over 40 years and visited the Abbey treasury with valuable objects as the oldest remaining seven candlesticks, and the Golden Madonna of Essen, the oldest known sculpture of the Virgin Mary in the West. Matilda was referred by other women of the Ottonian emperors: Sophia, daughter of Otto II and sister of Otto III and Teophanu, granddaughter of Otto II had succeeded during the reign of Teophanu that food, which had called a city since 1003, given the right to the markets in 1041st Ten years later, hold Teophanu had built the eastern part of Essen Abbey. The crypt contains the tombs of St. Altfrid, Mathilde and Teophanu themselves.